Rairangpur is a town and a notified area committee in Mayurbhanj district in the Indian state of Orissa. It is situated at about 85 kilometres from district headquarters of Baripada and about 80 km away from Jamshedpur.
The Khadkhai (Sulaipat) Dam is a local attraction nearby and Shimilipal Sanctuary is in the approachable distance attracting many foreign tourists.
As of 2001 India census, Rairangpur had a population of 21,682. Males constitute 51% of the population and females 49%. Rairangpur has an average literacy rate of 72%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 79%, and female literacy is 65%. A good number of tribals are among highly educated and highly placed in different organisations. In Rairangpur, 12% of the population is under 6 years of age.
Rairangpur acts as a liaison centre between Jamshedpur (Tatanagar) in Jharkhand, Durgapur in West Bengal and the Iron Ore Mines in Gorumahisani, Badampahar and Suleipat. The steel factories of tata and nearby rely partly on the iron ores extracted from these mines. Apart from goods trains there is special passenger train from Jamshedpur to Badampahar via Rairangpur.
Rairangpur is surrounded by Hills and most of them are rich in iron ore mineral. The first iron ore mines of Asia is in Gorumahisani, Suleipat and Badampahar (mother mines of Tata Steel) is located here. The first ever trial for setting up of a Ferro Vanadium Plant was made by Mayurbhanj Maharaja during pre-independence days. Currently thousands of Tonnes of Iron Ore is exported to out-side the State and for export on daily basis.
Majority of the population is dependent on the peddy harvesting (farming) as their either main source or as an alternate source of income. The direct and indirect dependency of the economy of this tiny place is largely influenced by the peddy harvesting. The same is agina largely dependent on the annual rain fall during May–September. The Kharakhai (suleipat) dam and Bankbad dam irrigate some of the cultivating lands and helps for the khariff harvesting.
Rairangpur has the oldest and the largest Sal Oil Extraction Plant which is closed. Sal seed is locally collected from the forest. The area suffers due to less attaention in the political environment and hardly any resource funds available either through govt, private or govt-private participation.Along with that some of the institutes like siberian and Lcc are providing the facilities to the players in rairangpur to get reach to their goal.
There is one industrial estate and some industries are operating in this area. Due to the locational advatange, with good connectivity to Jamshedpur, Durgapur, Kolkata, Bhubaneswar, Rourkela, Keonjhar, Baripada by road and rail. Ample amount of natural resources, good and hard working people, least effected due to any kind of natural calamities which the coastal part of orissa used to suffer and less turbulent political environment leads to great potential of industrialisation which can be exploited through systematic approach with a greater participation by large corporates and local bodies.
Rairangpur has all the required facilities of education. Among its prominent schools are Saraswati Public School, Little Flower Public School, Saraswati Shisu Mandir, Richad Mission School, Kerala Public School (English Medium, ICSE), Govt. Boys High School, Govt. Girls High School, Raghu Nath Jiu High School, Rairangpur College, Mahila Mahavidyalaya, Rairangpur ITI. The place is rapidly growing in the educational infrastructure.
Places of interest
6.Purunia Shivsambhu Temple/>
Current MLA from Rairangpur Assembly Constituency is Shyam Charan Hansdah of Indian National Congress (INC), who won the seat in State elections in 2009. Previous MLAs from this seat were Mrs Draupadi Murmu of Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP), Laxman Majhi of INC in 1995, Chaitanya Prasad Majhi Janata Dal (JD) in 1990, Bhabendra Nath Majhi of INC in 1985, Sidhalal Murmu of INC(I) in 1980, and Arjun Majhi of JNP in 1977.
Rairangpur is part of Mayurbhanj