Maharashtra is a state located on the western coast of India. Maharashtra is a part of Western India. It is India’s third largest state by area and second largest by population.
Maharashtra is bordered by the Arabian Sea to the west, Gujarat and the Union territory of Dadra and Nagar Haveli to the northwest, Madhya Pradesh to the northeast, Chhattisgarh to the east, Karnataka to the south, Andhra Pradesh to the southeast, and Goa to the southwest. The state covers an area of 307,731 km2 (118,816 sq mi) or 9.84% of the total geographical area of India. Mumbai, the capital city of the state, is India’s largest city and the financial capital of the nation. Marathi is the official and most widely spoken language.
For administrative purposes, the state is sub-divided into six divisions and further into 35 districts. Officially, all divisions save one are named after the district where the headquarters of the division is located. But the divisions are also popularly known by other names and that is how they are listed here. The official names of the divisions are given alongside in brackets.
* Western Maharashtra ( Pune)
* Marathwada ( Aurangabad)
* Vidarbha ( Nagpur)
* North Maharashtra ( Nashik)
* Mumbai – the capital, also the commercial capital of India
* Ahmednagar – 500+ years history, with traces of Nizamshahi, Shahjahan and Peshwas
* Kolhapur – the home of Goddess Ambabai
* Matheran – hill-station town close to Mumbai
* Nanded – It is a holy city of Sikh Religion. In October 2008 a grand celebration of 300years of Gurta Gaddi is celebrated. www.300saalgurudenaal.com/
* Nagpur – the city of Oranges, at the geographical center of India
* Nashik – the city of pilgrimage – The Grape city
* Pune – cultural capital of Maharashtra
* Solapur – textile capital of Maharastra
* Aurangabad- The city of 52 doors. Famous for its Mughal monuments. It is main base station for Ajanta, Ellora, Devgiri Fort and many more famous destinations. City is also popular for its Himaroo Shawl and Bidari Work.
* Ajanta – Buddhist caves – a complex of caves representing some of the best of early Buddhist art. World heritage site.
* Ellora – World famous for its caves of three religions. Total 30 caves are divided into Buddhist, Hindu and Jain caves. World heritage site. Ellora ia also adob of Grishneshwar, the 12th Jyotirlanga in India.
* Lonar This place has Earth’s only meteor crater in basaltic rock.
* Ashtavinayak – 8 Auspicious Temples of Lord Ganesha (Ganapati)
* Bhimashankar- Its one of the 12 Jyotirlinga in India
The principal language spoken is Marathi. Hindi and English are widely spoken and understood. Mumbai is fairly cosmoplitan, with many languages, including English being spoken. Konkani is a minority language closely related to Marathi, spoken by the eponymous Konkani community. Though Konkanis are common in the Konkan region, they are by no means a majority even there.
Maharashtra has largest road network in India 21,3951 kilometers. National Highways in Maharashtra is 3688 kilometers. The Indian Railways covers most of the Maharashtra and is the preferred mode of transport over long distances. Almost the entire state comes under the Central Railways branch which is headquartered in Mumbai. Most of the coast south of Mumbai comes under the Konkan Railway. Maharashtra State Road Transport Corporation (MSRTC) buses, popularly called ST for State Transport, link most of the towns and villages and have a large network of operation. These buses, run by the state government are the preferred mode of transport for much of its populace. In addition to the government run buses, private run luxury buses are also a popular mode of transport between major towns.
Mumbai has the biggest international airport in India with another coming up at Navi Mumbai. Pune has a civilian enclave international airport with flights to Dubai and Singapore, with plans on for a brand new greenfield International Airport. Aurangabad airport has recently been upgraded to an international airport with flights connecting to Jeddah. Other large cities such as Nagpur and Nashik are served by domestic airlines. Nashik has many flights To Mumbai and Soon Other Metros will be added after the construction of New Airport at Nashik. Ferry services also operate near Mumbai, linking the city to neighbouring coastal towns. Other modes of public transport, such as a seven-seater tempo have gained popularity in semi-urban areas. Maharashtra has a large highway network and built the Mumbai-Pune Expressway, the first controlled-access toll road project in India. Maharashtra has three major ports at Mumbai (operated by the Mumbai Port Trust), the JNPT lying across the Mumbai harbour in Nhava Sheva, and in Ratnagiri, which handles the export of ores mined in the Maharastra hinterland.
Established 1 May 1960
Largest city Mumbai
Governor S C Jamir
Chief Minister Ashok Chavan
Legislature (seats) Bicameral (289 + 78)
• Density 96,752,247 (2nd)
• 314.42 /km2 (814 /sq mi)
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
Area 307,713 km2 (118,809 sq mi)
ISO 3166-2 IN-MH