Chhattisgarh, a state in central India, formed when the sixteen Chhattisgarhi-speaking southeastern districts of Madhya Pradesh gained statehood on November 1, 2000. Raipur serves as its capital. It is the 10th largest state of India by area of 52,199 sq mi (135,194 km²). Chhattisgarh takes its name from 36 (Chattis is thirty-six in Hindi and Garh is Fort) princely states in this region from very old times, though the listing of these 36 forts has always remained a point of dispute.
It borders Madhya Pradesh on the northwest, Maharashtra on the west, Andhra Pradesh on the south, Orissa on the east, Jharkhand on the northeast and Uttar Pradesh on the north.
The Chhattisgarhi language, a dialect of eastern Hindi, is a predominant language in the state, recognized along with Hindi as the official language of the state. In addition, many tribal and some Dravidian influenced dialects or languages are spoken in various parts of Chhattisgarh.
The rail network in Chattisgarh is centered on Katni in Madhya Pradesh and Bilaspur, which is zonal headquarters of South East Central Railway of Indian Railways. Other main railway junction include the capital Raipur only.These two junctions are well connected to the major cities of India.
The roadways infrastructure is also slowly picking up in the state. The National Highway 6 (Bombay to Kolkata) passes through the state. The state also hosts National Highway 43 which starts from Raipur and goes up to Vishakhapatnam. National Highway 16 from Hyderabad ends at Bhopalpatnam in Dantewada district. The state has 11 National Highways (2,225 kilometres).
The air infrastructure is minor. Raipur, the village capital city, is the sole commercially operating airport of the state. However, of late, Raipur has shown low upsurge in passenger traffic. Raipur has links to top cities of the country.
* Bheemkhoj (Khallari)
* Sakal Narayan
* Kanak & Dongare
* Keshkal Valley
* Charama Valley
The special delicacies like jalebis, rakhia badi and petha are the main appeals of Chhattisgarh Food. The people of the state have an inclination towards tangy recipes and sweet delectables. Maize, wheat and jowar are the basic diet of the inhabitants of Chhattisgarh. Since the state is quite opulent with an abundance of crops such as rice and oilseeds, so the people of the place are never short of their staple food.
The food of Chhattisgarh is categorized under two different heads – tribal recipes and non-tribal menus. The tribes of Chhattisgarh primarily add the various types of fruits that are commonly found in the forest areas of Chhattisgarh. Rakhia badi and petha are the two distinctive food items that are prepared by the tribal population of Chhattisgarh during major festivals.
Jalebi is another lip-smacking sweet dish of Chhattisgarh which is prepared in almost every household of the state. Since the people of Chhattisgarh like to have something sweet at the end of their meal, jalebi has become an integral part of the food menu of the state. Lentils such as chana dals with which a special recipe called bafauri is made in the state are also used as a staple diet by the local people.
There are several restaurants and eatery joints in Chhattisgarh that are deft in serving best of the multi-cuisine menus to both the inhabitants and the tourists of the place. From local dishes to global cuisines, Chhattisgarh restaurants presents a wide array of appetizing food.
Enriched with the qualities of protein, vitamins, minerals and iron, Chhattisgarh food serve a wholesome and sumptuous recipe of mouth-watering cuisines.
Largest city Raipur
Governor Ekkadu Srinivasan Lakshmi Narasimhan
Chief Minister Raman Singh
Legislature (seats) Unicameral (90)
Language(s) Hindi,Chhattisgarhi, Telugu
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
Area 135,194 km2 (52,199 sq mi)
ISO 3166-2 IN-CT