Uttarakhand, is a state located in the northern part of India. It was carved out of Himalayan and adjoining districts of Uttar Pradesh on 9 November 2000, becoming the 27th state of the Republic of India. It borders Peoples Republic of China on the north, Nepal on the east, the Indian states of Uttar Pradesh to the south, Haryana on the west and Himachal Pradesh on the north west.
Two main regions of Uttarakhand are Garhwal and Kumaon. These two regions have their own distinct culture and language.
* Dehradun – the capital, called “Oxford of India” known for boarding schools – Doon School, has Indian Military Academy, Survey of India and ONGC headquarters, Forest Research Institute, Rajaji National Park & lots of other beautiful picnic places & many Govt./ Educational Institutions.
* Almora – a hill station
* Bedni Bugyal – another beautiful bugyal in Chamoli District, providing breath taking views of Trishul & Nanada Devi peaks.
* Chamba – near to Mussoorie, provides a great view of Chamba Valley & the Bhagirathi River (The Ganga). It’s a paradise for nature lovers, as it’s surrounded by Alpine forests. It’s proximity to Dehradun, Rishikesh & Tehri Dam is a great plus.
* Chopta – It’s in Rudraprayag, also known as “Switzerland of Garhwal” for it’s beautiful meadows. It has the highest Shiva temple in the world – Tungnath and from Chandrashila (4300 m/14,107 ft) one can get the most panoramic view of the Central Himalayas.
* Dayara Bugyal – a beautiful bugyal in Uttarkashi District. A world class ski resort is coming up there.
* Gwaldam – it’s a beautiful hamlet in the Chamoli District, one can get close up views of Trishul & Nanda Devi peaks, it’s a base camp for Roopkund & Bedni Bugyal (meadows).
* Haridwar – holy city on the Ganges and one of the sites of Kumbh Mela, the world’s largest festival
* Harshil – a real paradise on the earth, on the way to Gangotri.
* Kotdwar – is a developing town. Famous kanvashram is situated here which is linked to the story of shakuntala and Dushyant.
* Jageshwar – temple town
* Joshimath – gateway to Badrinath, valley of flowers, Hemkund and the ski resort of Auli
* Lansdowne – a beautiful hill station, there’s Garhwal Rifles Headquarters.
* Munsyari, Pithoragarh – Paradise on earth
* Mussoorie – hill station, also known as “The Queen of Hills”. It provides panoramic views of both the Himalayas & Doon valley.
* Nainital – hill station; The Lake District
* Pauri – a hill station, it commands 180 degree view of the Central Himalayas, from Kandolia one can see all the known & unknown peaks of the Himalayas, plus a beautiful valley on the other side. The sunset here is mesmerizing. There are lots of temples here, the known one is Kunkaleshwar temple dedicated to lord Shiva, established by Adi Shankaracharya (who had established the char dham of Sanatan Dharm).
* Panwali Bugyal – One of the most beautiful bugyals (meadows). It’s in Tehri District, on the trek from Gangotri to Kedarnath.
* Rishikesh – the Yoga capital of the world, the biggest agglomeration of ashrams, meditation centers and temples. It is famous for its lakshman and ram jhula also.Sachcha Dham, ashram of Sachcha Baba is near lakshman jhula. Also there is Neelkanth Mahadev temple few kms from Rishikesh.
* Roorkee – the education capital of Uttarakhand. One of the seven Indian Institutes of Technology is located here.
* Ranikhet-is a wonderful town to see.
* Uttarkashi – the valley of saints
* Auli – Ski resort
* Badrinath – temple of Vishnu
* Bhojwasa – On way to Gomukh.A must visit.
* Chakrata – Picturesque, less frequented Hill station 
* Choukari- A sleepy picturesque hill station. You would get one of the best view of Mount Nandadevi
* Corbett National Park – The oldest National Park of India
* Dunagiri – Nature retreat. Serenity, eternity and divinity come together here.
* Gangotri – The source of the holy Ganges river
* Gopeshwar – Dense Forests
* Kedarnath – temple of Shiva
* Valley of Flowers National Park
* Yamunotri – The source of the Yamuna River
The local languages are Kumaoni and Garhwali, but everyone also speaks Hindi. English is not so common, but well-understood and spoken in some parts.
There are many ways to enter Uttrakhand. If you are interested in seeing the Garhwal region you can enter through either Haridwar or Kotdwar. Haridwar is the more popular entrance. For both options there are regular bus and train services available from New Delhi.
Nainital, Mussoorie and Ranikhet though it’s better to treat these slightly overcrowded, touristy ‘hill stations’ as base camps to explore lots of other hidden jewels further afield in UK. In Garhwal, Pauri and Gwaldam there are very peaceful & scenic places. In the Kumaon region if are near Almora and want to stay in a secluded area, try Peora or Mukteshwar. Dunagiri in Almora district is a stunningly beautiful area off the beaten track. But do remember in Uttarakhand the journey itself is destination.
Bhowali: Bhowali is situated at a distance of 11kms, from Nainital, at an altitude of 1706 mts, from the level of sea. This place provides a panoramic view of the nature. This place if famous for its panoramic view as well as hill fruit mart, which was established in 1912.
Dunagiri:Very few places are left on our planet where we can enjoy nature experiences in such pristine, tranquil and calm environment amidst ancient forests. A spot of stunning natural splendor, being one with nature is easy to do at Dunagiri Nature Retreat. Its greatness lies not merely in its fascinating history and captivating beauty, it is rather the serene and spiritual atmosphere of this place that strikes the mind and brings peace to the soul. Known by various names such as Drongiri, Dronagiri and Doonagiri – a visit to Dunagiri is a holiday like no other; it is a journey into the innermost recesses of the soul, a re-discovery of the essence of being.
Rajaji National Park: Rajaji National park always attracts to wildlife enthusiasts and nature lovers. This place is located around 208km from Delhi and around 9 km from Haridwar. This park remains open from November to June for the tourists.
Uttarakhand is a great place for trekking. At the lower levels, there are forests and wildlife. At the upper reaches, you go past the tree line to snow clad mountains. There are many trip designs which can be conceived of, but there are perhaps around 20 trips which are the most popular. See also: Leave-no-trace camping and Wilderness backpacking
* Roopkund Trek – Bedni Bugyal, Chamoli District – one of the most popular treks. Roop kund also known as Mystery Lake is a clear water Himalayan lake. Roopkund starts from Debal. This beautiful lake is surrounded by majestic Himalayan peaks covered with snow and glaciers.
* Panwali Bugyal Trek, Tehri District – it leads to Triguninarayan, a place where the eternal flame of Shiva & Sati’s (Parvati’s previous incarnation) marriage is still kindling
* Gangotri Glacier Trek – Tapovan (meditation ground of Gods), Gaumukh (source of Ganga)& Shivling Mountain
* Satopanth Trek – near Badrinath, one of the most pristine treks
* Pindari glacier trip
* Chandrashila Trek, Chopta – Chandrashila commands the most beautiful view of the Himalayas in the whole region, especially Chaukhamba & Nanda Devi. There’s one of the Panch Kedars – Tungnath’s temple – the highest temple of Shiva
* Madmaheshwar Trek, near Ukhimath, Rudraprayag – one of the most beautiful treks leading to a Panch Kedar, it’s at the base of Chaukhamba Peak (7300 m/23,950 ft).
* Kuari Pass Trek – near Auli, quite popular with foreign tourists
* Khatling Glacier, near Gangotri
* Valley of Flowers Trek, near Badrinath – the most beautiful valley
* Har ki doon – very scenic trek, near to Swargrohini peak, from where Pandavas went to the heaven.
* Trekking inside Nanda Devi Sanctuary
* Sunder dhunga trek
* Thailisan – Binsar Trek in Pauri, an uplifting trek, providing panoramic view of Himalayas
* Milam glacier trek
* Kafni glacier trek
* Kalindni Pass Trek – Gangotri to Badrinath – a lifetime dream for many an adventurer.
* Deoriatal Trek- Deoriatal Trek is one of the famous trekking destinations in Himachal Pradesh. Trekking can be done for entire year in Deoriatal. Tungnath is the highest temple in the Himalayas and Chandrasilla summit Deoriatal a rock face above the face of the Tungnath.
Pretty much all kinds of food are available here.
In the tourists centers such as Badrinath, Gujarati, Marwari, and other regional cuisines are available for the hordes of religious pilgrims that descend on the holy sites every summer.
Uttarakhand has high excise taxes on beer and alcohol: a bottle of beer can cost 80-90 rupees, nearly double the price of some other states in India. Quite a few holy towns including Haridwar and Rishikesh are officially dry. Cannabis is illegal, but widely used anyway.
The roads are a bit tricky, and taxi rides in the hills may appear dangerous, but otherwise Uttarakhand is a pretty safe place for tourists. However, tourists are known to encounter problems in the urban centers and the plains districts such as Haridwar.
Established 9 Nov 2000
Largest city Dehradun
Governor Margaret Alva
Chief Minister Dr. Ramesh Pokhriyal
Legislature (seats) Unicameral (71‡)
• Density 8,479,562 (19th)
• 158 /km2 (409 /sq mi)
Language(s) Hindi, Kumaoni,Garhwali
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
Area 53,566 km2 (20,682 sq mi)
ISO 3166-2 IN-UL
† Dehradun is the provisional capital of the state. The new capital has not yet been chosen.
‡ 70 (elected) + 1 (nominated Anglo-Indian)