Uttar Pradesh is a state located in the northern part of India. With a population of over 190 million people, it is India’s most populous state, as well as the world’s most populous sub-national entity.
* Doab region
* Rohilkhand region
* Awadh region
* Nothern Bagelkhand
* Lucknow – The capital of Uttar Pradesh, also home to one of the IIM.
* Agra – The tourist Capital of India. Home to 3 World Heritage Site, including the Taj Mahal
* Allahabad – A holy place where the rivers Ganga, Yamuna & Saraswati meet.
* Ayodhya – Birth Place of Lord Ramji
* Jhansi – historic city where Queen Laxmibai fought for freedom from the British in the revolt of 1857
* Kanpur – once known as the “Manchester of India”, now famous for its leather works and the IIT
* Mathura – Birth Place of Lord Krishna
* Varanasi – Holy city on the bank of River Ganges
* Aligarh. Famous for it locks and Aligarh Muslim University.
* Chitrakoot. It is believed that Lord Ram bathed (RAMGHAT)here with Laxman and Sita Ji on their arrival in Chitrakoot.The famous saint-poet Tulsidas is also believed to have lived here for quite some time.It is the place where he is believed to have darshan of Ram and Laxman. Tulsidas was preparing sandal-paste for himself,when Ram and Laxman appeared before him as two children
* Sarnath. The site of the Buddha Sakyamuni’s first teaching after gaining enlightenment.
* Vrindavan — holy city of Krishna’s childhood, ISKCON (Hare Krishna) temples and windows
Uttar Pradesh has the largest population of nearly 167 million. Its is also the fifth largest state in terms of land area. The western plain is the most urban region. Agriculture is the most important section of the UP’s economy, employing about three-fourths of the work force. Uttar Pradesh has the largest production of food grain and oil seeds in India. In addition, UP ranks the first in the production of wheat, maize, barley, gram, sugar cane, and potatoes. The three most important industries of UP are sugar, cotton fabrics and diversified food preparations. Goods carrier equipment, photostat machines, chemicals, polyester fiber and steel tube galvanized sheets are the other big industries of UP.
The Kathak dance style, the most popular classical dance form in India, nourished in UP. Today, foreign countries have also learned this elegant dance form to perfection: the beautiful Veronique Azan as an example. The countryside songs and dances are significant traits of local culture. Uttar Pradesh famous for handicrafts such as, carpet weaving, hand printing, chikan (a type of embroidery), metal enameling, brocade and brass, and ebony work. Also, UP has the biggest Brass and Copperware manufacture area in India.
The history of the State of Uttar Pradesh is very ancient and interesting. It is recognised in the later Vedic Age as Brahmarshi Desha or Madhya Desha. Many great sages of the Vedic times like Bharadwaja, Gautam, Yagyavalkya, Vasishta, Vishwamitra and Valmiki flourished in this state. Several sacred books of the Aryans were also composed here. Two great epics of India, Ramayana and Mahabharata, appear to have been inspired by Uttar Pradesh.
In the sixth century BC, Uttar Pradesh was associated with two new religions – Jainism and Buddhism. It was at Sarnath that Buddha preached his first sermon and laid the foundations of his order, and it was in Kushinagar in Uttar Pradesh, where Buddha breathed his last. Several centres in Uttar Pradesh like Ayodhya, Prayag, Varanasi and Mathura became reputed centres of learning. In the medieval period, Uttar Pradesh passed under Muslim rule and led the way to new synthesis of Hindu and Islamic cultures. Ramananda and his Muslim disciple Kabir, Tulsidas, Surdas and many other intellectuals contributed to the growth of Hindi and other languages.
Uttar Pradesh preserved its intellectual excellency even under the British administration. The British combined Agra and Oudh into one province, and called it United Provinces of Agra and Oudh. The name was shortened to the United Provinces in 1935. In January 1950, the United Provinces was renamed as Uttar Pradesh.
The State is bounded by Uttarakhand and Himachal Pradesh in the north, Haryana in the west, Madhya Pradesh in the south, and Bihar in the east. Uttar Pradesh can be divided into two distinct regions, (i) Southern hills and (ii) Gangetic plain.
The state has a large network of multimodal transportation system: -
Airways: The state has four important airports and 23 airstrips. Cities that have nationally well connected domestic airports are Agra, Kanpur, Lucknow and Varanasi. Lucknow is the biggest and most important airport of the state.
Railways: Almost all the major as well as smaller cities of the state are linked through railways. It has largest railway network in the country; with a total length of 8,546 km (as on 2006) and the sixth largest railway density.
Roadways: The state has largest road network in the country, after Maharashtra. It boasts of 31 National Highways (NH), with a total length of 4,942 km (8.5% of total NH length in India). It has seventh highest road density in India, (1,027 km per 1000 km,2 as on 2002 ) and largest surfaced urban road network in the country (50,721 km, as on 2002). Cities of Kanpur, Lucknow, Bareilly, Allahabad, Varanasi, Jhansi, Gorakhpur, Agra and Ghazipur are connected to a number of National Highways. New expressways are coming up between Agra and Noida and between Noida and Ballia (near Ghazipur). The State Government’s road transport company UPSRTC-Uttar Pradesh State Road Transport Corporation serves nationalized routes in the state for intrastate and interstate transport.
Waterways: A long stretch of the river Ganges – from Allahabad (Uttar Pradesh) to Haldia (West Bengal) – has been declared as National Waterway (NW)-I and 600 km of the total NW-I lies in Uttar Pradesh.
Although, the state has a large and diversified transportation network, its condition and functioning need substantial improvement.
1.Sangam, Anand Bhavan, Minto Park, Sita Samahit Isthal, Company Garden, New yamuna Bridge, and lots more in the holy city Allahabad(Prayag). 2.Ghats at Varanasi(Kashi). 3.Nawab’s or Royal city Lucknow.
Lucknow ,capital city of Uttar Pradesh is a heaven for food lovers because of the sheer range of variety available there…Lucknow ,before being seat of Nawabs(Kings) of Awadh region ,is the birth place famous awadhi cuisine. It is where you can find refined Muslim indian food. be sure to visit Old Lucknow where its normal to have eatries which are 150-200years old serving Famed Lucknowi Biryani(mutton & Basmati rice preparation with exotic herbs), nehari,kulcha,sheermal etc etc. Varanasi is another city where people live for eating..but more famous for Hindu Vegetarian style which includes chaat, tikki,kachori etc etc.
Utter Pradesh lead India’s kidnapping statistics by quite a substantial margin with 4.478 cases reported in the 2008, 16 percent of all kidnappings happening in the country. While this mainly concern to natives, as always travel sensibly and remain vigilant.
Uttar Pradesh 14 Nov 18342
Largest city Kanpur
Largest metro Kanpur
Governor Banwari Lal Joshi
Chief Minister Kumari Mayawati
Legislature (seats) Bicameral (404 + 108=512)
Parliamentary constituency parliamentary constituencies in Uttar Pradesh
High Court Allahabad High Court
District Courts of India
• Density 190,891,000 (1st)
• 792 /km2 (2,051 /sq mi)
Sex ratio 111.4 ♂/♀
• Female 57.37%
Language(s) Hindi, Urdu
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
Area 243,286 km2 (93,933 sq mi)
• Winter Cfa (Köppen)
• 31 °C (88 °F)
• 46 °C (115 °F)
• 6 °C (43 °F)
Governing body Government of India, Government of Uttar Pradesh
• UN/LOCODE • INUP
• Vehicle • UP XX XXXX
ISO 3166-2 IN-UP
Uttar Pradesh Portal: Uttar Pradesh
1 The decision to possibly create additional districts is pending.
2 , , 
- 14 Nov 1834 : Presidency of Agra.
- 01 Jan 1836 : North-Western Provinces.
- 03 Apr 1858 : Oudh taken under British control, Delhi taken away from NWP & merged into Punjab.
- 01 Apr 1871 : Ajmer, Merwara & Kekri made separate commissionership.
- 15 Feb 1877 : Oudh added to North-Western Provinces.
- 22 Mar 1902 : Renamed United Provinces of Agra and Oudh.
- 03 Jan 1921 : Renamed United Provinces of British India.
- 01 Apr 1937 : Renamed United Provinces
- 01 Apr 1946 : Self rule granted.
- 15 Aug 1947 : Part of independent India.
- 26 Jan 1950 : Renamed Uttar Pradesh
- 09 Nov 2000 : Uttaranchal state created from part of Uttar Pradesh.