Haryana is a state in northern India. It is bordered by Punjab and Himachal Pradesh to the north, and by Rajasthan to the west and south. Eastern border to Uttarakhand & Uttar Pradesh is defined by river Yamuna. Haryana also surrounds Delhi on three sides, forming the northern, western and southern borders of Delhi. Consequently, a large area of Haryana is included in the National Capital Region. The capital of the state is Chandigarh which is administered as a union territory and is also the capital of Punjab. The name Haryana means “The Abode of God” from Sanskrit Hari (the Hindu God Vishnu) and ayana (home), although it may also refer to the lush green landscape of the state (from Sanskrit harit meaning green).
Haryana is a landlocked state in northern India. It is located between 27°37′ to 30°35′ N latitude and between 74°28′ and 77°36′ E longitude. The altitude of Haryana varies between 700 to 3600 ft (200 metres to 1200 metres) above sea level. An area of 1,553 km2 is covered by forest. Haryana has four main geographical features.
* The Yamuna-Ghaggar plain forming the largest part of the state
* The Shivalik Hills to the northeast
* Semi-desert sandy plain to the southwest
* The Aravalli Range in the south
The climate of Haryana is similar to other states of India lying in the northern plains. It is very hot in summer and cold in winters . The hottest months are May and June and the coldest being December and January. Rainfall is varied, with the Shivalik Hills region being the wettest and the Aravali Hills region being the driest. About 80% of the rainfall occurs in the monsoon season (July-September) and sometimes causes local flooding.
* Chandigarh – the shared capital with Punjab
* Kurukshetra – holy city of Srimad Bhagwat Gita
* Faridabad – the largest city, just south of Delhi.
* Gurgaon – Delhi’s burgeoning shopping and IT suburb.
* Bhiwani- burds house,huda parrk,kirodimandir
* Banwasa: Great Narwal’s village where Rama arrived during his banwas.
* Sultanpur National Park
A Hindu-dominated state that split off from largely Sikh Punjab in 1966. Haryana surrounds Delhi on three sides and is dominated by its suburban and commercial sprawl. The remainder of the state is largely agrarian, and there are few attractions to slow down the passing tourist.
Ghagra Choli is the traditional clothes for females and Kurta dhoti for men. But with recent times metropolitan dress are also being worn because of effect of television.
Earlier the females had ghugta from the elder males in there in laws family. The women also work in fields along with men.
Roads, aviation and infrastructure
Delhi and Gurgaon Police work together to keep Gurgaon safe. Interceptors patrol the Delhi Gurgaon Expressway and many of the main roads in Gurgaon.
The 32 lane toll gate at National Highway 8 is the largest in Asia and third largest in the world in Gurgaon.
Haryana is a trend setter in the field of passenger transport. It has a total road length of 23684 kilometers. The remotest parts of the state are linked with metaled roads. Its modern bus fleet of 3,864 buses covers a distance of 1.15 million Kilometers per day. It was the first State in the country to introduce luxury video coaches. Grand Trunk Road, commonly abbreviated to GT Road, is one of South Asia’s oldest and longest major roads. It passes through the districts of Sonipat, Panipat, Karnal, Kurukshetra and Ambala in north Haryana where it enters Delhi and subsequently the industrial town of Faridabad on its way. The state government proposes to construct Express highways and free ways for speedier vehicular traffic. The 135.6-km long Kundli-Manesar-Palwal Expressway(KMP) will provide high-speed link to northern Haryana with its southern districts such as Sonepat, Jhajjar, Gurgaon and Faridabad. The work on the project has already started and is scheduled to be completed by July. 2009. Haryana is in close contact with the cosmopolitan world, being right next to Delhi. As a result, international and domestic airports, diplomatic and commercial complexes are located in close proximity to the state. Haryana and Delhi government has also constructed Delhi-Gurgaon Expressway which has the largest toll plaza in Asia and 3rd largest in the world. With the proposed Badarpur Flyover and the widening of the Mathura Road passing thought Faridabad from 6 lane to 8 lanes, things are suddenly looking very bright in the state roadways sector.
Haryana State has always given high priority to the expansion of electricity infrastructure, as it is one of the most important inputs for the development of the State. Haryana was the first State in the country to achieve 100% rural electrification in 1970, first in the country to link all villages with all weather roads and first in the country to provide safe drinking water facilities throughout the state Haryana is well connected on the railway network as well. The main railway routes passing through Haryana are: Amritsar – Delhi, Rewari – Ahmedabad, Bhiwani – Rohtak – Delhi, Ambala – Ferozepur, Delhi – Ferozepur, Kalka – Jodhpur, Kalka – Howrah, Amritsar – Howrah and Delhi – Shimla
2 of the 16 airlines in India are based in Gurgaon which is just a few kilometers from the international airport in Delhi
Established 1 November 1966
Largest city Faridabad
Governor Jagannath Pahadia
Chief Minister Bhupinder Singh Hooda
• Density 21,082,989 (16th)
• 477 /km2 (1,235 /sq mi)
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
Area 44,212 km2 (17,070 sq mi)
ISO 3166-2 IN-HR